What is the vitamin, mineral and protein content of the "pawpaw" fruit?

The "PawPaw fruit" grows wildly in North America.
The benefits have been strongly encouraged to add to one's diet.
https://www.seriouseats.com/2014/09/what-are-pawpaws-wild-fruit-midwest-how-to-prep-and-eat-pawpaws.html

I hope that Cronometer is able to disseminate the values of the PawPaw.

I really enjoy the benefits of your website!
Thank you for your time.
Warmest regards,
John

Best Answers

  • Accepted Answer

    I found pawpaw nutrition here! http://www.pawpaw.kysu.edu/pawpaw/cooking.htm#a1

    #AllTheDots

  • Accepted Answer

    Hi @johnbirm03 , thanks for the suggestion!

    We currently do not have this in our database. I will have the curation team look into finding the nutrition information for this food. Before we add new foods to our database we must find a high quality source for the nutrient information.
    Meanwhile you can add a custom food for this food by following these steps: https://cronometer.com/help/foods/#addfood

    Hilary
    cronometer.com
    As always, any and all postings here are covered by our T&Cs:
    https://forums.cronometer.com/discussion/27/governing-terms-and-disclaimer

  • edited July 2018 Accepted Answer

    Source NUTTAB 2010 (Food Standard Aus, http://www.foodstandards.gov.au/science/monitoringnutrients/nutrientables/Pages/default.aspx)

    Edit: Oh, another name for pawpaw is papaya and papaya is in the USDA database: https://ndb.nal.usda.gov/ndb/foods/show/09226?fgcd=&manu=&format=Abridged&count=&max=25&offset=&sort=default&order=asc&qlookup=Papaya&ds=&qt=&qp=&qa=&qn=&q=&ing=

    Pawpaw
    Description Scale Value
    Energy, including dietary fibre kJ 142
    Moisture g 89.3
    Protein g .4
    Nitrogen g .06
    Fat g .1
    Ash g .3
    Dietary fibre g 2.3
    Fructose g 3.3
    Glucose g 3.6
    Sucrose g 0
    Maltose g 0
    Lactose g 0
    Total sugars g 6.9
    Starch g 0
    Available carbohydrate, without sugar alcohols g 6.9
    Available carbohydrate, with sugar alcohols g 6.9
    Citric acid g .1
    Lactic acid g 0
    Malic acid g .2
    Oxalic acid g 0
    Quinic acid g 0
    Calcium (Ca) mg 28.000
    Iron (Fe) mg .5
    Magnesium (Mg) mg 14.000
    Potassium (K) mg 140.000
    Sodium (Na) mg 7.000
    Zinc (Zn) mg .3
    Thiamin (B1) mg .03
    Riboflavin (B2) mg .03
    Niacin (B3) mg .3
    Niacin equivalents mg .37
    Alpha carotene ug 0
    Beta carotene ug 240.000
    Cryptoxanthin ug 1350.000
    Beta carotene equivalents ug 915.000
    Retinol ug 0
    Retinol equivalents ug 152
    Vitamin C mg 60.000
    C16 %T 0
    Total saturated fatty acids (%) %T 0
    C18:1 %T 0
    Total monounsaturated fatty acids (%) %T 0
    C18:2w6 %T 0
    C18:3w3 %T 0
    C20:5w3 %T 0
    Total polyunsaturated fatty acids (%) %T 0
    Total long chain omega 3 fatty acids (%) %T 0
    C16FD g 0
    Total saturated fatty acids (g) g 0
    C18:1FD g 0
    Total monounsaturated fatty acids (g) g 0
    C18:2w6FD g 0
    C18:3w3FD g 0
    C20:5w3FD mg 0
    Total polyunsaturated fatty acids (g) g 0
    Total long chain omega 3 fatty acids (mg) mg 0
    Cholesterol mg 0

    #moredotsthanadalmatian

  • Accepted Answer

    On the webpage @johnbirm03 linked they argue that pawpaw is not papaya.

    That pawpaw means papaya in other parts of the world does not help any, either. (Despite Baloo's "Bare Necessities" shout-out in the Disney version of The Jungle Book, pawpaws are unrelated to papayas.)

    #AllTheDots

  • edited July 2018 Accepted Answer

    Unfortunately that's the problem with vernacular names compared to botanical names. In Australia and Papua New Guinea (perhaps elsewhere but these are the only two locations where I am familiar with pawpaw from), pawpaw and papaya are the same fruit (that of Carica papaya) and the common name is used interchangeably :/

    Edit: I should add that the nutrition info I pasted above from NUTTAB is called "Pawpaw" in the database (not papaya)

    #moredotsthanadalmatian

Answers

  • Dear Regents and Dear Vickie,
    Thank you kindly for your time and energy in compiling the extensive nutritional aspects of the "paw-paw" papaya of eastern Texas...and North America.
    apparently these fruits do not keep well at all...and ripen too fast for much shelf time, which is why most folks have forgotten about the tree.
    I think it would make great marmalade.
    Cheers.

  • pawpaw is an indigenous fruit that grows wild in Southern North America. Its not the same as papaya. (carina papaya). It is Asimina Triloba. See wikipedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Asimina_triloba

    Nutritional values are available in a page from the University of Kentucky:

    http://www.pawpaw.kysu.edu/pawpaw/cooking.htm#a2

  • Hi Everyone,

    I appreciate the time and effort you have all taken to find the nutrition information for pawpaw. Thank you for providing your sources! I have recently added "Pawpaw, Orange Flesh, Raw" to our database, using the nutrition information from the Australian Food Composition Database.

    While looking at the nutrient composition given on the Kentucky State University website, I noticed the values for Pawpaw are given for pulp with skin, although the skin is not considered edible. They also note "probably much of the dietary fiber, and possibly some of the fat, would be thrown away with the skin." Given that these values would not quite represent the nutrition found in the edible portion, I was wondering if y'all would still like to have this added to the database. What do you think?

    Cheers,

    Karen Stark
    cronometer.com
    As always, any and all postings here are covered by our T&Cs:
    https://forums.cronometer.com/discussion/27/governing-terms-and-disclaimer

  • Just as we do not include the nutritional value of banana skins or orange peels, it makes sense to not include the inedible skin of the pawpaw. I will research if there is another source that does that.

  • I have written to a Dr Brannan of Ohio University
    https://www.ohio.edu/chsp/facultystaff/bios/robert-brannan.cfm
    asking him about the pawpaw nutrients sans skin and seeds.
    He has been studying pawpaws for a decade and will probably come through with something.

  • Dr Brannan says that info does not exist yet. He is working to get it onto the USDA food composition Database.

  • I have no idea where my comment went :/

    #moredotsthanadalmatian

  • My comment got deleted. I won't type it all out again because it took too long but I'll summarise.

    AUSNUT and NUTTAB refer to the fruit they give an analysis for as paw paw or pawpaw. However in the nutrient analysis table they have the word papaya in parenthesis after using the name pawpaw. For pawpaw they give the following information:

    The majority of nutrient data were derived from samples of orange fleshed paw paw, purchased when in season, from 5 outlets in Sydney during 1983/84 (Wills et al 1986). Retinol, cholesterol and fatty acids were imputed.

    A brief search of the literature seems to indicate, to me, that Wills et al may have been referring to papaya (Carica papaya) rather than pawpaw (Asimina triloba). Other papers that cite Wills et al include papers about both species. Wills et al don't seem to specify what species they're talking about which seems like an oversight to me considering the known unreliability & variability of vernacular names. Wills et al (and Wills with different co-authors in other papers) doesn't seem to give the botanical name of the plant they're talking about and refer to it as "paw paw", "pawpaw" and "Australian pawpaw", but this doesn't help. In my experience the fruit referred to in Australia and Papua New Guinea is usually Asimina triloba; however this means nothing because Australia is a big place and often things have different common names even between towns in close proximity.

    #moredotsthanadalmatian

  • the pawpaw that grows in SE USA is a distinct fruit . see Wikipedia.
    It is getting popular to grow because it is not susceptible to pests.
    It cannot be shipped as a fruit because its skin is delicate, but it can be eaten within 3 days of picking and various ways of preparing it as a jam, ice cream etc are being developed. Dr Brannan a food scientist at Ohio University says that there is no current nutritional data on its edible parts , but that he is working on providing that info to the USDA data base. https://www.ohio.edu/research/communications/pawpaw.cfm
    https://www.ohio.edu/chsp/facultystaff/bios/robert-brannan.cfm

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